Video1 teaching

See below for details on how to activate your promo code for Kinemaster.

Welcome to VIJ2101 Videojournalistikk for 2019, which I simplify as Video1. This course focuses on your learning to be a mobile journalist, or mojo. A trained mojo is able to make a broadcast-quality video with only a smartphone, some inexpensive apps and a good microphone. Often they can do it in less than a day.

Advancements in mobile phone technologies make mojo possible. But the key is the brain that operates the phone. Mojo is about storytelling, not button pushing or owning the latest smartphone. Technologies are developing quickly (5G will be available in parts of Europe by 2020) so we’re entering a tantalising phase of human development. Welcome to the start of your future.

Students might like to consider entering videos they make in one of the many mobile phone movie contests around the world. Details here. Please consider entering these mojo awards. It would be a big boost to your career if you won or were shortlisted.

Please ensure you attend every class because each new session builds on what we cover in the previous class. I will mark the roll each class. Here is the course timetable.

MoJo @ Kristiania in 2019
Lesson 1: Introduction and overview (Aug 21 starting @1215)
Lesson 2: Mojo equipment and story planning (Aug 26 @1215)
Lesson 3: Composing visual proof / creative filming (Aug 27 @1215)
Lesson 4: Interviewing (Sep 2 @1215)
Lesson 5: Editing on the smartphone (Sep 2 @1515)
Lesson 6: Editing (cont) + audio, music, sound effects and narration (Sep 3 @1215)
Lesson 7: Review and social video (Sep 10 @1215)
Lesson 8: Scripting (Sep 10 @1215)
Lesson 9: Performance (Sep 10 @1515)
Lesson 10: Headlines, name supers, subtitles and file management (Sep 10 @1515)
Lesson 11: The future (Sep 16 @1215)

Recommended reading
Burum, Ivo and Quinn, Stephen. (2015). MOJO: The Mobile Journalism Handbook Focal Press, Taylor and Francis Group, Boston. The book (310 pages) comes with a companion web site and 13 videos. It is available in the bookshop in Prinsens gate.

Useful web sites
If you read nothing else in this course, please read these two articles by Ivo Burum: The first talks about mojo storytelling and the second covers editing.

The online magazine MobileMovieMaking has lots of great advice. So does the SmartphoneFilmingPro site.

Mojo trainer Glen Mulcahy describes a mojo.

Dougal Shaw, a senior video journalist with the BBC, reflects on two years of only using an iPhone for filming.

TheVJ.com is a combination of web site and YouTube channel. The former requires a subscription and the latter has free training videos.

The course Facebook group.

The Mojofest Facebook group is where more than 5,000 mojos discuss issues and share insights. A great place to learn about new developments.

Mojo trainer Mark Egan has a useful Facebook page.

Philip Bromwell at Ireland’s national broadcaster RTE is one of the best mojos in Europe. Here is a 3-minute time lapse video of the 3 hours he spent filming a mojo story.

A trio of Indian journalists have gathered their ideas in this Google doc about mojo.

The Mobile Journalism Manual produced by the Konrad Adenauer Foundation offers a basic introduction to mojo, and it’s free.

Assessment
Students will make three news videos during this course. Each news video must be between 80 and 100 seconds. The first video must be completed by midnight of Tuesday September 3. This will be your pre-exam video (see below for more information).

Deadline for the second video is midnight of Wednesday September 11, and the third by midnight on Monday September 23. Please note this is the absolute final date and you will NOT receive an extension of time, so get your videos done early. You can choose Norwegian or English as the language for voice-over, interviews or subtitles. If you choose Norwegian you must include a 100 to 120-word summary in English of what the video is about, including the news angle. Set up a YouTube or Vimeo account and load all your videos onto that site. At the end of the course you will choose your one best video and submit that for assessment, via WISEflow. As part of the process students must also submit a link to their YouTube or Vimeo site where they store all their videos. This part of the assessment is worth 70 per cent.

The other 30 per cent is for a fourth video students will make in which they reflect on their learning during this course. This is also due by midnight on Monday September 23. Please note this is the absolute final date and you will NOT receive an extension of time, so get this video done early. It will be a piece to camera in which they talk about, in English, the things they learned. This could include problems encountered, ethical issues faced while making news videos, thoughts on being a mojo, or anything else they believe relevant to this course. This is the reflective part of the assessment. Please do not simply repeat what the teacher has said. Again, students should upload the video to their YouTube or Vimeo site and submit a link to the examination site. This video should be between 90 and 120 seconds.

Here is an example of a student reflection from 2017 that got an A.

Pre-exam
The university requires that students must do a pre-exam prior to submitting their final exam. You will follow similar procedures as for the final exam. The deadline is midnight of Tuesday September 3. The pre-exam will be marked on a pass-fail basis. Students who fail will be given 24 hours to resubmit, and again the re-submission will be assessed as pass-fail. The university requires me to submit a list of students who have passed the pre-exam two weeks no later than Monday September 9. That is why the pre-exam deadline is September 3, to give me time to process all pre-exam attempts.

Here is the procedure: Put your video online and email a link to your teacher at sraquinn (at) gmail (dot) com by midnight of the required date (September 3). Make sure your video is public, and not private! If I cannot see you video, you fail. If you do not deliver on time, you fail.  I will email you a result for your video, with feedback, within two or three days of the deadline. It will be assessed as pass or fail (no other grades are needed for pre-exams). If your video fails, you can re-submit your original video based on the feedback provided. The re-submit deadline is noon on Friday September 6. The procedure is the same: email me a link to your re-submitted video. You will receive a result almost immediately.

FYI, last year everyone who submitted on time for the pre-exam passed.

Grade criteria for final exam
Details of grade criteria will be provided by the Eksamen department at the start of the course. Students in VIJ2101 Videojournalistikk should answer all of the questions in the grade criteria when they create their videos. All questions must be answered by yes for the video to get a C. If some of the criteria are met, student will receive a D or E. If the video ignores most of the grade criteria it will receive an F.

Assessors will use their news judgment when choosing to give grades higher than a C (note that this course involves an external industry assessor). Only the very best videos will receive an A. This system reflects the skill involved in creating quality news videos.

Equipment for course
Video1 focuses on using smartphones to make high-quality videos. At the moment iOS devices are the best for making videos, but you can use any smartphone you choose.

If you use an iOS device (iPhone or iPad / iPad Mini) please make sure you use the latest version of the operating system (OS). As of early August 2019 it is 12.4 for both the iPhone and the iPad.

Students with an iOS device could use the latest version of the free iMovie app. As of July 2019 the app’s latest version is 2.2.7. The icon is a white star on purple background.

The problem with Android’s operating system is the wide range of phones and variations of the operating system. If students have an Android smartphone it is recommended they use the KineMaster app. The Kinemaster company has kindly provided free access to the full version of the app for 60 days from August 21. Details will be provided on the first day of class. You will need to apply a promo code. This video shows you how to do that. Kinemaster operates on both Android and iOS.

Using promo code for Kinemaster: Download and open KineMaster on you mobile or tablet (Android or iOS, it doesn’t matter). Then tap the Settings button on the KineMaster main screen (it looks like a gear or wheel). Tap My Account. Tap Sign In. Use this email address (kinemaster.kristiania2019@outlook.com). Then enter this password (kristiania2019). KineMaster Premium will then unlock on your device.
Add this promo code if asked: T62CG725EEZZ

You can use the free version of the KineMaster app. But it does not allow you to save videos in 1080p (HD) and it forces you to pay to export videos without a watermark.

The power of editing
Journalism is about selection and compression. Selection is as much about what you leave out as what you include. This course shows you how to produce quality news video for online and broadcast. To make quality video you must edit your raw footage professionally.

The quality and the magic happen in the editing process, and it is generally quicker and easier via a touchscreen than a keyboard. This is why I recommend using a smartphone rather than a laptop/desktop for editing, though you are free to use these tools. You need at least two editing tracks. The number of apps that allow multiple editing tracks is small, and these will be discussed in class.

Why I prefer the iPhone
I am not wedded to the iPhone; nor do I have shares in Apple. But at the moment iOS devices are the best for mojo. They allow you to save files in full high definition (1080p HD or ultra HD, known as 4K). Many other smartphones have better cameras, but you cannot edit properly with those apps and/or save the files in HD for uploading and distribution without watermarks.

Every minute of every day more than 600 hours of video are uploaded to YouTube. Facebook claims to screen 100 million hours of video each day, while Snapchat and Instagram also screen lots of video. Probably 95+ per cent of all this is rubbish. If you want your video to stand out you must make a quality product. To do that you need to be able to edit and shoot in a professional way, using the best available tools.

Vertical or horizontal filming?: Personally I choose to shoot in landscape (horizontal) mode because the output of the editing apps I use looks better that way. But you should shoot for your intended audience. Regardless of mode, your camera needs to be steady. Wobbly video is not acceptable. Here is a video about the best tools for shooting in vertical mode. The LumaFusion app allows you to edit in several modes. It is very sophisticated and takes a while to learn. Their web site has a range of tutorials. This fun video talks about Vertical Video Syndrome.

For this course we will focus on simpler editing apps: iMovie for iOS devices and/or KineMaster for Android and iOS. For filming you have a choice of three apps. We will focus on the Camera app that comes with your smartphone. It is limited to filming at 30 or 60 fps, but it produces excellent images. The other filming apps I recommend are Filmic Pro and Mavis. Filmic Pro works with both iOS and Android devices. Mavis is iOS only. Both allow you to select frame speed.

Bio of your teacher: Stephen Quinn runs MOJO Media Insights, based in Brighton in the UK. He teaches journalists how to make broadcast-quality videos with only iOS devices, and shows media companies how to recycle content to make money via iBooks. From 1975-95 Dr Quinn was a journalist in five countries with some of the world’s best-known media companies, before becoming a journalism educator in Australia, the United Arab Emirates, the United States and China. He returned to journalism full time from 2011-13 with the South China Morning Post, and currently trains mojos when he’s not making videos  or writing. Dr Quinn has written 26 print books and four digital books. In the past decade he has given almost 200 presentations on the future of journalism in 38 countries, and since 2010 he has taught mojo skills to journalists in 19 countries. He writes a weekly wine column. More about him can be found elsewhere on this web site.

Lesson 1: Overview
Stephen will provide an overview of the mojo process and talk about essential issues like assessment, grade criteria and the pre-exam.

My web site is https://sraquinn.org/ I have not made it a link so you can see the URL.

Student details: Facebook? Twitter? Instagram? Linkedin? Snapchat? Other?

Grade criteria will be put on the (closed) Video1 Facebook group. And Luvit.

Discussion: Watch this video by Michael Rosenblum of TheVJ.com that tries to define mojo. What do you think about what he says? We will discuss this in class.

Links to short chats with NRK’s Gunnar Gronlund:

  1. The skills that journalism students need.
  2. Are we returning to silent movies?
  3. Video for different time of the day.
  4. Importance of editing.

Dr Ivo Burum offers his definition of mojo and suggests that the story determines the gear we use.

The Shoulderpod company offers a nice introduction to mojo.

In this short video a BBC mojo gives her thoughts on being a mojo.

Here CBC’s Jeff Semple in London shows how he shot and edited a news story with only an iPhone (runs 5:09).

Show The Fixer (2012), which was filmed with an iPhone. It has won many awards at film competitions. Runs 7:15 at http://www.thesmalls.com/film/fixer What was the total budget? Answer: $US 400.

The Fixer shows that mojo has the potential to be used for more than news. Other uses include feature films, TV advertisements, NGO briefings, PR brochures and documentaries. More about Conrad Mess and Hollywood can be found here.

Students are required to produce news stories, because this is a journalism course. In this video Yusuf Omar tells you what makes news. And here he talks about what he calls solution-based storytelling. In this video he offers tools for finding story ideas, and touches on the key issue of copyright.

Dr Claire Wardle offers advice on fact-checking news events. The video runs for 4 minutes. At about 30 seconds she provides a useful checklist. The FirstDraft website has several tips for fact checking. I recommend you take the fact-checking course offered online to journalism students. You should also download this UNESCO handbook on fake news and disinformation.

This useful article by a Google researcher focuses on the three key aspects of what audiences want with online video: a good story, niche content and something that resonates with them personally.

Homework

  1. Establish your own YouTube / Vimeo / other account if you do not have one
  2. Join and read earlier content in the course Facebook group, which can found using the search term “Video1 Kristiania University”
  3. Email a 100-word bio to the teacher, or provide a link to an existing online bio. Stephen’s email is sraquinn (at) gmail (dot) com

Lesson 2: Equipment and story planning
Keynote: Overview

Discussion: Mojo equipment

Read Chapter 4 (Tools of the Mojo Trade, pages 62-97) of Burum, I. and Quinn, S. (2015). MOJO: The Mobile Journalism Handbook Focal Press (Taylor and Francis Group), Boston.

Keynote: Mojo kit

Set up the camera app on your iOS device: Settings / Camera / Record Video. Choose 1080p HD at 30 fps or 60 fps. With these settings one minute of video will take about 60MB of data at 30 fps and 90MB at 60 fps. If you are short of memory on your device, choose 720p HD at 30 fps (this is only about 40MB).

Avoid 4K because that format hogs data. Settings tells us that recording in 4K at 60 fps takes up about 400MB of storage for every minute of video.

Simon Horrocks has produced an excellent site with details of a range of apps and tools for making mojo movies (abbreviated as MoMo). He focuses on movie-making but much of the advice is relevant to mojo. The MoMo Academy site is also very useful.

Preparation and story planning
Overview: This part of the lesson covers how to prepare a story. What is news? How to research a video news story. What is your story?

Storytelling involves characters Here are some video storytelling tips.

Read chapter 7 (SCRAP: The Elements of Mojo Storytelling, pages 150-175) of Burum, I. and Quinn, S. (2015). MOJO: The Mobile Journalism Handbook Focal Press (Taylor and Francis Group), Boston.

This article offers a guide to different kinds of story and is worth reading.

Keynote: Preparation

One of the best ways to learn to be a mojo is to study great mojos. Philip Bromwell at RTE, the Irish national broadcaster, is one. This site offers a good analysis of why Bromwell is so successful.

Another master is Mike Castellucci. He tells me he shoots with an iPhone but edits with FCP. Watch and enjoy an edition of Phoning it in. More at his web site.

Homework: Choose one of these.

  1. In your own time watch this video about storyboarding. Start at 1:13 to avoid the waffle at the start. Here is another (shorter) video about storyboarding.
  2. Practise with your smartphone, and ideally have a story idea rouged out on a piece of paper (storyboard) to show at the next class.
  3. Watch this Facebook Live with Glen Mulcahy, who describes a range of equipment: https://www.facebook.com/thomsonfoundation/videos/1736283396406851/

Lesson 3: Composing visual proof / creative filming
Learnings from previous class?

Overview today: It’s vital to get quality images for your videos. Remember to shoot both stills and video. Watch more of Mike Castellucci’s work for inspiration.

Keynote: Compose

Read Chapter 5 (Composing Visual Proof, pages 98-125) of Burum, I. and Quinn, S. (2015). MOJO: The Mobile Journalism Handbook Focal Press (Taylor and Francis Group), Boston.

Video composition: The language of video. Watch this BBC College of Journalism (CoJo) training video about smartphones and also the BBC video about taking stills.

Read this excellent interview with Christian Payne about how to be creative when shooting video.

Yusuf Omar offers 9 tips for creative mojo shooting.

Transitions: Caroline Scott from Journalism.co.uk shows five clever transitions you can create for your videos.

Some people might like the idea of making 360 videos. The best camera for that is the Insta360 ONE X.  Shanil Kawol offers lots of tips on how to shoot creative video. Here he includes a skateboard. Here he talks about timelapse videos.

Exercise in class: We will learn to do a stand-up, also known as a piece to camera.

Visual metaphors: These help people understand abstract concepts. Some examples: depression as the ocean (put your smartphone in a plastic bag and let an incoming tide wash over it); memory in dementia patients (show a smeared and smooshed painting); or gender identity represented as handed-ness (how many people are left-handed?).

If you use the Filmic Pro app, here is a good training video (though it is quite long at 15:39 minutes):

Tips

  • Always put your smartphone in flight (or similar) mode before you shoot or edit.
  • Turn on Grid for your iOS device if you would like help when framing images on your camera. Do this via Settings / Camera / Grid
  • Select your shooting frame rate. With an iOS device do this via Settings / Camera / Record Video. Note the various standards: 30 or 60 fps for online and NTSC (Japan and North America); 25 of 50 fps for PAL broadcast; 24 fps for film. Most Androids and all iPhones default to 30fps / 60fps. You do not need to change your settings if you plan to submit videos online.

A bit of history: NTSC is named after America’s National Television System Committee and PAL stands for Phase Alternating Line. Both are analog forms of broadcasting, and have been replaced by digital television in much of the world. Standard-definition television (SDTV or SD) is a television system which uses a resolution that is not considered to be either high or enhanced definition. SDTV has a 4:3 aspect ratio (compared with 16:9 for HD). SDTV uses the frame rate and number of lines of resolution as PAL and NTSC. If you’re working in a country that still uses SDTV, you need an app that allows you to select 25 fps / 50 fps (Filmic Pro or Mavis). This part of Settings in an iOS device also describes file size per second at various fps.

Homework: Practise shooting quality video with your smartphone. Come to class with one minute of unusual footage. Also practise doing a piece to camera, and come to class with one to show your colleagues.

Lesson 4: Interviewing
Learnings/questions from previous class?

Overview: Mojo interviews involve some new skills, relative to traditional interviewing styles. We consider the main differences between interviewing with a mobile phone versus interviewing with a large video camera.

Keynote: Interview

Read Chapter 8 (Mojo Interviewing, pages 176-197) of Burum, I. and Quinn, S. (2015). MOJO: The Mobile Journalism Handbook Focal Press (Taylor and Francis Group), Boston.

The MoMo site offers a solid guide to interviewing with a smartphone here.

This is a comprehensive list and description of the best microphones for iOS.

Interviewing tips: Watch this BBC training video on how to do an interview (runs 10:06).

In this video Drew Keller talks about the importance of good research (runs 6:50).

CBS’s Katie Couric gives her tips on what makes a good interview (runs 5:07).

Possible guest speaker this session.

Homework: Interview someone. Then shoot some background footage (make it interesting) and make a 60-second video, using iMovie as the editing tool. Also include a piece to camera at the start to introduce the person you interviewed. Practise with the app in your own time so you are familiar with your equipment.

Reminder: Your pre-exam video is due by midnight of Tuesday September 3

Lesson 5: Editing
Learnings/questions from previous class?

Show examples of good student interviews done as homework.

Overview: In this class we look at the editing process.

Keynote: Edit

Read Chapter 9 (Editing on a Smartphone, pages 198-221) of Burum, I. and Quinn, S. (2015). MOJO: The Mobile Journalism Handbook Focal Press (Taylor and Francis Group), Boston.

Watch: CBC’s Jeff Semple shows you how to edit with iMovie on an iOS device (runs 14:43; note it’s a bit old, given it was made in 2016).

Watch Ivo Burum’s video on editing with iMovie from the textbook (it runs 8:41) or via YouTube.

Read Ivo’s wonderful summary of the mojo process. This is one of the best single articles on how to do mojo.

Justin Brown offers a video on how to edit using KineMaster on both iOS and Android. It runs 17 minutes. This shorter video (12 minutes) focuses only on Android. If the video does not play and you need to copy and paste into a browser to be able to watch it, here is the URL:  https://primalvideo.com/editing-video-android-editing-kinemaster-android/

Brown also has a video about editing with LumaFusion for iOS here. In June 2019 the app received a major upgrade. Here is a video by Robb Montgomery about the 10 best new features. The parent company LumaTouch have produced a comprehensive guide to the app you can download. Note that the LumaFusion app only works with iOS.

Homework: Re-edit the interview you did as homework from lesson 4, or do another interview and find more background footage, and make a news video (maximum 100 seconds) and place it on your YouTube or Vimeo site. This could be your first piece of assessment or your pre-exam video.

Lesson 6: Audio, music, sound effects and narration
Learnings/questions from previous class?

Overview: This lesson covers aspects of sound related to mojo work.

Watch any student work offered, to give feedback.

Ivo Burum offers an excellent article on recording audio with a smartphone.

How to use duct tape to secure a microphone to clothing.

The Mobile Journalism Manual has a section on audio in the equipment chapter.

Example of an amazing video by Anders Ernest, a Danish print journalist who learned how to become a mojo.

Keynote: Audio

The BBC has made its sound effects library available for free. About 16,000 sounds are available for “personal, educational or research purposes”.

Watch this BBC CoJo video about recording good audio with an iPhone (4 minutes).

Read Chapter 6 (Recording Location Sound, pages 126-149) of Burum, I. and Quinn, S. (2015). MOJO: The Mobile Journalism Handbook Focal Press (Taylor and Francis Group), Boston.

The audio section in the Mobile Journalism Manual has some tips when filming.

Lindsay Kalter offers an article about recording clear audio with a mobile phone.

Music: The web contains many sites that offer copyright or royalty free music. It is vital if you use music that the music is free of copyright. Here are three free sites:

Free Music Archive

The CCMixster site

YouTube’s audio library

Another option is to subscribe to Epidemic Sound for access to their music library.

Sound effects: The Videomaker app offers free sound effects.

Homework: Go to one of the free music sites and store some music in your smartphone’s camera roll or audio app for use in your next video. Practise using the free audio recorder on your smartphone to record an interview (90-120 seconds), then insert the audio into your preferred video editing app. With an iOS device the audio app is called Voice Memos.

Lesson 7: Review
In this lesson we will review progress so far, discuss making videos for social platforms, investigate going live and consider some cool apps. It would be sensible here to review the information at the start of this document about appropriate apps for filming and editing, and fps (frames per second) for your video.

Keynote: Apps

The BBC’s smartphone trainer Marc Settle details his favourite mojo apps.

Watch Yusuf Omar talk about his favourite mojo apps.

Facebook course on going live.

Reading from Mojo Manual on going live.

Watch Kate Rushworth talk about using social media to publicise videos and reach audiences.

This MondayNote article shows the power of Instagram.

Resources: Facebook has excellent courses for journalists. Enrol here for the Facebook Journalism Project and find out more about Blueprint, the training program Facebook established. Google also have a site for training journalists.

Read Chapter 11 (Mojo, Social Networks and Social Media, pages 236-251) of Burum, I. and Quinn, S. (2015). MOJO: The Mobile Journalism Handbook Focal Press (Taylor and Francis Group), Boston.

Reminder about assessment: Students need to submit their second video by midnight of Wednesday September 11.

Lesson 8: Scripting
Learnings/questions from previous class?

Overview: Voice-over and narration are still important and can be learned. But as BBC correspondent Allan Little notes, you must have something to say.

Resource: Quinn’s book published July 2018: CLARITY: A guide to clear writing. Second edition. Free copies are available from the author.

Keynotes: Scripting and Language

This excellent BBC CoJo video shows you how to write for video.

Exercise: Write a 60-second script (you choose the language) and record it with the Voice Memos app on your smartphone. Limitation: You can only use words of one syllable apart from Proper nouns (the names of people and places). Be prepared to play your recoding to the class at the next lesson.

Reminder about assessment: Students need to submit their second video by midnight of Wednesday September 11.

Lesson 9: Performance
Learnings/questions from previous class?

Play homework recordings from previous lesson.

Overview: Once you have written your script, you must be ready to do the narration for your video. You must learn to get relaxed quickly. You also need to know how your brain works under stress.

Keynote: Brain tips

Keynote: Perform

Read pages 226-228 of Chapter 10 of Burum, I. and Quinn, S. (2015). MOJO: The Mobile Journalism Handbook Focal Press (Taylor and Francis Group), Boston.

Exercise: Tell me a joke or a sad story as a piece to camera. Maximum duration: 60 seconds.

Homework: Watch this video about voice skills and practise doing narration for next class.

Reminder about assessment: Students need to submit their second video by midnight of Wednesday September 11.

Lesson 10: Headlines and file management
Learnings/questions from previous class?

Overview: We have almost completed the process for creating mojo videos. We need to finish our videos by adding headlines, name supers, subtitles (if necessary) and credits. And we need to consider ethical and legal factors associated with being a mojo.

Keynote: Headlines

Read page 228 (name supers) 10 of Burum, I. and Quinn, S. (2015). MOJO: The Mobile Journalism Handbook Focal Press (Taylor and Francis Group), Boston.

Discussion: Legal factors when reporting as a mojo, given the nature of mojo work.

Demonstration: The potential of secret recording apps. Demonstrate using iPhone and digital TV. Discussion: Ethical issues related to secret recording.

Read Chapter 13 (Ethical and Legal Aspects of Mojo, pages 264-283) of Burum, I. and Quinn, S. (2015). MOJO: The Mobile Journalism Handbook Focal Press (Taylor and Francis Group), Boston.

Homework: Students will each make a mojo video (maximum 100 seconds) in which they review something. It can be anything: a book, a film, the university cafeteria or the music of a busker. You choose the subject. You might be able to find a news angle to be able to turn this into one of your assessments.

Here are examples of interesting reviews: Harry Potter in 99 seconds, done to music. Five Guys burger review with subtitles.

Uploading, file management and social media
Overview: The final stage in the mojo process is uploading your video. This can take time, and can be done via wifi or 4G. You need to know where to find wifi when reporting in the field.

Keynote: Upload

Read Chapter 12 (File Delivery and Phone Management, pages 252-263) of Burum, I. and Quinn, S. (2015). MOJO: The Mobile Journalism Handbook Focal Press (Taylor and Francis Group), Boston.

Discuss file storage methods, especially SanDisk. This is a link to the company’s web site.

WhatsApp is great for quick transfer of video. The app compresses video a lot. For example, one minute of video that starts at about 114Mb gets shrunk to about 12Mb. This means it delivers quickly. But the video looks awful when you play it because WhatsApp massively reduces bitrate & resolution — from 1920×1080 to 848×480 — to make files smaller to send them more quickly.

Homework: Come to class with details of at least three places where the teacher could find good wifi in your city, apart from Kristiania University/Westerdals.

Lesson 11: Drones, underwater cameras and the future
Learnings/questions from previous class?

Overview: New tools are always being invented to help journalists. Drones, both aerial and underwater, offer great possibilities.

Demonstration: The teacher will fly his drone.

Keynote: Drones

This link shows the rules relating to drones in Norway.

This blog post by Glen Mulcahy on underwater drones is dated 2016 but still relevant.

Cinemagraphs are cool ways to combine video and photographs. Here is a video that teaches you how to make them and here is another.

Homework: No homework. Focus on finishing your third piece of assessment.

Reminder about assessment: Students need to submit their final exam video by midnight of Monday September 23.

End of lessons.

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