Video1 teaching

Video is the future. In late June 2017 the Wall Street Journal reported that Facebook is starting an online video network and is prepared to spend as much as USD 3million per episode for original programming. Facebook joins Amazon, Netflix and soon Apple in presenting video content online (as opposed to broadcast or cable). Mark Zuckerberg said last year that within five years Facebook would be “100 per cent video”. To repeat, video is the future, and skills like mojo are the start of what mobile technology will make possible and inevitable. Welcome to the start of the future.

MoJo @ Kristiania in 2017
Lesson 1: Introduction to backpack journalism (another teacher)
Lesson 2: Overview, assessment, equipment, preparation and planning
Lesson 3: Composing
Lesson 4: Interviewing
Lesson 5: Editing
Lesson 6: Audio, music and narration
Lessons 7 and 8: Scripting and performance
Lesson 9: Headlines, name supers, subtitles, credits, file management and social media
Lesson 10: Drones, underwater cameras, cool apps and the future

Required reading
Burum, Ivo and Quinn, Stephen. (2015). MOJO: The Mobile Journalism Handbook Focal Press, Taylor and Francis Group, Boston. The book comes with a companion web site and 13 videos (310 pages).

Useful web sites
Dr Ivo Burum’s Smartmojo site offers a range of excellent mojo resources: is a combination of web site ( and YouTube channel. The former requires a subscription and the latter (free) has excellent training videos:

Course Facebook group:

MojoCom Facebook site:

Students will make three news videos during this course. Each news video will be between 70 and 100 seconds. The first video must be completed by midnight of Onsdag September 6, the second by midnight of Fredag September 15, and the third by by 9am on Torsdag September 21. Students can choose the language for any voice-over. Students will set up a YouTube or Vimeo or similar site and load all their videos to that site. At the end of the course they will choose their one best video and submit that for assessment, via a link to the examination site. Students must also submit a link to the examination site of their YouTube or Vimeo site where they store all their videos. This part of the assessment is worth 70 per cent.

The other 30 per cent is for a fourth video students will make in which they reflect on their learning during this course. It will be a piece to camera in which they talk about, in English, the things they learned. This could include problems encountered, ethical issues faced while making news videos, thoughts on being a mojo, or anything else they believe relevant to this course. This is the reflective part of the assessment. Again, students should upload the video to their YouTube or Vimeo site and submit a link to the examination site. This video should be between 90 and 120 seconds.

Students will do a pre-exam prior to submitting their video for their final exam. They will follow the same procedure as for the final exam. The test exam will be marked on a pass-fail basis. Students who fail will be given 48 hours to resubmit, and again the re-submission will be assessed as pass-fail.

Here is the procedure: The pre-exam takes place 14 calendar days before the final exam date (which means September 7, 2017). Put your video online and email a link to sraquinn (at) gmail (dot) com by 9am of the due date. If you do not deliver on time, you fail. I will email you a result for your video, with feedback, within three days of the deadline. If you deliver a video but fail, you can re-submit your original video based on the feedback provided. The procedure for that is to email me a link to your re-submitted video. You will get a result within three days of emailing a link.

Grade criteria for final exam
Students in VIJ2100 Videojournalistikk should answer all of the questions in the grade criteria when they create their videos. Grade criteria will be discussed in the first lesson, and details provided online. All questions must be answered by yes for the video to get a C. If most of the criteria are met, student will receive a D or E.

Assessors will use their news judgment when choosing to give grades higher than a C. Only the very best videos will receive an A or B. This system reflects the skill involved in creating quality news videos.

Equipment for course
Video1 focuses on using smartphones to make high-quality videos. At the moment iOS devices are the best for making videos, but you can use any smartphone you choose.

If you use an iOS device (iPhone, iPad, etc) please make sure you use the latest version of the operating system (OS). As of August 2017 it is 10.3.3. Students with an iOS device also need to load the latest version of the iMovie app onto their iPhone or iPad or iPad Mini or iTouch. It has been free since April 2017. As of August 2017 the app’s latest version is 2.2.3. The icon is a white star on purple background.

If students have a smartphone with the Android operating system, they could use the KineMaster Pro Video Editor. The problem with Android OS is the wide range of phones and variations of the operating system. The KineMaster app does not allow you to save videos in 1080p (HD) and it forces people to pay to export videos without a watermark. If students want to use KineMaster, watch this video about the app: Note that this video does exist but you might need to copy and paste into a browser to see it.

Why I recommend the iPhone
Journalism is about selection and compression. Selection is as much about what you leave out as what you include. This course shows you how to produce quality news video for online and broadcast. To make quality video you must edit your raw footage professionally. At the moment iOS devices are the only ones with apps that give two tracks for video editing. It is not possible to make quality video with only one editing track. The quality and the magic happen in the editing, and it is generally quicker and easier via a touchscreen than a keyboard.

The teacher is not wedded to the iPhone, nor does he have shares in Apple, but at the moment iOS devices are the best for mojo. They allow you to save files in full high definition (1080p). Many other smartphones have better cameras, but you cannot edit properly with those apps and/or save the files in HD for uploading and distribution without watermarks. Every minute of every day more than 600 hours of video are uploaded to YouTube. Facebook claims to screen 100 million hours of video each day, while Snapchat and Instagram also screen lots of video. Probably 99 per cent of all this is rubbish. If you want your video to stand out you must make a quality product. To do that you need to be able to edit in a professional way, using the best available tools.

We will discuss smartphone options in week 2 when we first meet.

Free software
In April 2017 Apple announced a range of free software for iOS devices such as iMovie and GarageBand. Read about the options here and also download the apps:

Bio of your teacher: Stephen Quinn runs MOJO Media Insights, based in Brighton in the UK. He teaches journalists how to make broadcast-quality videos with only iOS devices, and shows media companies how to recycle content to make money via iBooks. From 1975-95 Professor Quinn was a journalist in five countries with some of the world’s best-known media companies, before becoming a journalism educator from 1996-2011. He returned to journalism full time in 2011 and makes mojo videos when he’s not teaching and reporting. Dr Quinn has written 23 print books and five digital books. In the past decade he has given almost 200 presentations on the future of journalism in 38 countries, and since 2010 he has taught mojo skills to journalists in 17 countries. He teaches Video1 in three cities in Norway, and writes a weekly wine column. More about him can be found at his web site:

Lesson 1: Introduction to backpack journalism
Another teacher will use this lesson to introduce students to Video2 and backpack journalism next year.

Lesson 2: Overview and preparation
Introduce mojo and mojo teacher: and

Student introductions: Name, where from, something proud of?
Student details: Facebook? Twitter? Instagram? Linkedin? Snapchat? Other?
Description of teaching methods and overview of course, including grade criteria

Introduce Kahoot! at

Grade criteria will be put on the (closed) Video1 Facebook group.

Keynote: Overview

Watch We will discuss this in class. Discussion: Why mobile journalism?

Watch Gunar Gronlund (skills):

GG video (time schedule):

GG video (editing):

GG video (silent movie):

Dr Ivo Burum offers his definition of mojo and suggests the story determines the gear we use:

Show The Fixer (2012) made only with an iPhone. It has won many awards at film competitions. Runs 7:15 at

What was total budget. Answer: $US 400.

Talk about Conrad Mess and Hollywood:

Discussion: Mojo equipment

Read Chapter 4 (Tools of the Mojo Trade, pages 62-97) of Burum, I. and Quinn, S. (2015). MOJO: The Mobile Journalism Handbook Focal Press (Taylor and Francis Group), Boston.

Keynote: Mojo kit

Set up the camera app on your iOS device: Settings / Photos & Camera / Record Video. Choose 1080p HD at 30 fps. You will note it says one minute of video will be about 130MB of data. If you are short of memory on your device, choose 720p HD at 30 fps (this is only about 60MB).

Avoid 4K if you have an iPhone 6S, 6S+, 7 or 7S+ because that format hogs data (Apple has confirmed that recording in this mode takes up about 375MB of storage for every minute of video).


  1. Establish your own YouTube or Vimeo account if do not have one
  2. Email a 100-word bio to the teacher, or provide a link to an existing online bio to the teacher via email. Stephen’s email: sraquinn (at) gmail (dot) com
  3. Read the course Facebook site:, which can searched using the title Video1 Kristiania University

Preparation and planning
Discussion: Learnings from previous class?

Overview: This lesson covers how to prepare a story. What is news? How to research a video news story. What is your story?

Storytelling with characters: and video storytelling tips:

Read chapter 7 (SCRAP: The Elements of Mojo Storytelling, pages 150-175) of Burum, I. and Quinn, S. (2015). MOJO: The Mobile Journalism Handbook Focal Press (Taylor and Francis Group), Boston.

Keynote: SCRAP

Introduce storyboarding: Use this video, starting at 1:19 to avoid the waffle at the start. Ends about 5:30

Another useful video with notes:

Tips on preparing your story from the Pulitzer Center in the US:

Homework: Practise with your smartphone, and ideally have a story idea rouged out on a piece of paper (storyboard) to show at the next class.

Lesson 3: Composing visual proof
Learnings from previous class?

Tip: Always put your iOS device in flight mode before you shoot and/or edit.

Overview today: It’s vital to get quality images for your videos. Remember to shoot both stills and video.

Keynote: Compose

Read Chapter 5 (Composing Visual Proof, pages 98-125) of Burum, I. and Quinn, S. (2015). MOJO: The Mobile Journalism Handbook Focal Press (Taylor and Francis Group), Boston.

Watch: CBC’s Jeff Semple on shooting with an iPhone (runs 5:09):

Video composition: The language of video. Watch BBC COJO training video about smartphones: And also the
BBC video about taking stills:

Read this excellent interview with Christian Payne about how to be creative when shooting video:

And get even more creative with these tips on shooting cinematic-style video with an iPhone 7+ (7:26):

If you use the Filmic Pro app, here is a good training video (15:39 minutes):

Tip: Turn on Grid if you would like help when framing images on your camera. Do this via Settings / Photos & Camera.

Exercise in class: We will learn to do a stand-up, also known as a piece to camera.

Homework: Practise shooting quality video with your smartphone. Come to class with one minute of unusual footage. Also practise doing a piece to camera, and come to class with one to show your colleagues.

Lesson 4: Interviewing
Learnings/questions from previous class?

Overview: Mojo interviews involve some new skills, relative to traditional interviewing styles. We consider the main differences between interviewing with a mobile phone versus interviewing with a large video camera.

Keynote: Interview

Read Chapter 8 (Mojo Interviewing, pages 176-197) of Burum, I. and Quinn, S. (2015). MOJO: The Mobile Journalism Handbook Focal Press (Taylor and Francis Group), Boston.

Interviewing tips: Watch this BBC training video on how to do an interview (runs 10:06):

In this video producer Drew Keller talks about the importance of good research (runs 6:50):

CBS’s Katie Couric gives her tips on what makes a good interview (runs 5:07):

Possible guest speaker: former NKH journalism student working in TV news.

Homework: Interview someone. Then shoot some background footage (make it interesting) and make a 60-second video, using iMovie as the editing tool. Also include a piece to camera at the start to introduce the person you interviewed. Practise with the app in your own time so you are familiar with your equipment.

Lesson 5: Editing
Learnings/questions from previous class?

Show examples of good student interviews done as homework.

Overview: In this class we look at the editing process.

Keynote: Edit

Read Chapter 9 (Editing on a Smartphone, pages 198-221) of Burum, I. and Quinn, S. (2015). MOJO: The Mobile Journalism Handbook Focal Press (Taylor and Francis Group), Boston.

Watch: Jeff Semple shows you how to edit with iMovie on an iOS device (runs 14:43; made in 2016):

Watch Ivo Burum video on editing and iMovie (runs 8:41) from textbook or at

Read Ivo’s wonderful summary of the mojo process. This is the best single article on how to do mojo:

Homework: Re-edit the interview you did as homework from lesson 4, or do another interview and find more background footage, and make a news video (maximum 100 seconds) and place it on your YouTube or Vimeo site. This could be your first piece of assessment.

Reminder about assessment: Students need to complete their first video by midnight of Onsdag September 6, 2017.

Lesson 6: Audio, music and narration
Learnings/questions from previous class?

Watch any student work offered, to give feedback.

Ivo Burum offers an excellent article on recording audio with a smartphone: 

Example of an amazing video by Anders Ernest, a print journalist in Denmark turned mojo:

Overview: This lesson covers all aspects of sound related to mojo work.

Keynote: Audio

Watch this BBC video about recording good audio with an iPhone (4 minutes)

Read Chapter 6 (Recording Location Sound, pages 126-149) of Burum, I. and Quinn, S. (2015). MOJO: The Mobile Journalism Handbook Focal Press (Taylor and Francis Group), Boston.

Read this useful story by Lindsay Kalter about recording clear audio with a mobile phone:

Glen Mulcahy of Irish national broadcaster RTE offers the “definitive guide to iOS audio accessories”:

Music: The web contains many sites that offer copyright or royalty free music. Here are some:, and

Homework: Go to one of the free music sites and store some music in your smartphone’s camera roll or audio app for use in your next video.

Lesson 7: Scripting
Learnings/questions from previous class?

Overview: Voice-over and narration are still important and can be learned. But as BBC correspondent Allan Little notes, you must have something to say:

Resource: Quinn’s book published April 2014: CLARITY: A guide to clear writing. Available at:

Keynotes: Scripting and Language

Watch this excellent BBC video that shows you how to write for video:

Homework: Write a 60-second script (you choose the language) and record it with the Vie Memos app on your smartphone. You can only use words of one syllable (apart from Proper nouns, the names of people and places). Be prepared to play your recoding to the class at the next lesson.

Reminder about assessment: Students need to submit their second video by midnight of Fredag, September 15, 2017.

Lesson 8: Scripting and performance
Learnings/questions from previous class?

Play homework recordings from previous lesson.

Overview: Once you have written your script, you must be ready to do the narration for your video. You must learn to get relaxed quickly.

Keynote: Perform

Keynote: Brain tips

Read pages 226-228 of Chapter 10 of Burum, I. and Quinn, S. (2015). MOJO: The Mobile Journalism Handbook Focal Press (Taylor and Francis Group), Boston.

Homework: Watch this video about voice skills: and practise doing narration for next class.

Lesson 9: Headlines and file management
Learnings/questions from previous class?

Overview: We have almost completed the process for creating mojo videos. We need to finish our videos by adding headlines, name supers, subtitles (if necessary) and credits. And we need to consider ethical and legal factors associated with being a mojo.

Keynote: Headlines

Read page 228 (name supers) 10 of Burum, I. and Quinn, S. (2015). MOJO: The Mobile Journalism Handbook Focal Press (Taylor and Francis Group), Boston.

Discussion: Legal factors when reporting as a mojo, given the nature of mojo work.

Demonstration: The use of secret recording apps such as TS Video. Demonstrate using iPhone and digital TV. Discussion: Ethical issues related to secret recording.

Read Chapter 13 (Ethical and Legal Aspects of Mojo, pages 264-283) of Burum, I. and Quinn, S. (2015). MOJO: The Mobile Journalism Handbook Focal Press (Taylor and Francis Group), Boston.

Homework: Students will each make a mojo video (maximum 100 seconds) in which they review something. It could be anything: a book, a film, the university cafeteria or the music of a busker. You might be able to find a news angle to be able to turn this into one of your assessments. Here are examples of interesting reviews:

Harry Potter in 99 seconds:

Five Guys burger review:

Uploading, file management and social media
Learnings/questions from previous class?

Overview: The final stage in the mojo process is uploading your video. This can take time, and should be done via wifi rather than 4G. You need to know where to find wifi when reporting in the field.

Keynote: Upload

Read Chapter 12 (File Delivery and Phone Management, pages 252-263) of Burum, I. and Quinn, S. (2015). MOJO: The Mobile Journalism Handbook Focal Press (Taylor and Francis Group), Boston.

Discuss file storage methods, especially SanDisk. Watch this link to company’s web site:

WhatsApp is great for quick transfer of video. But the app compresses video a lot, so that one minute of video that starts at about 114Mb gets shrunk to about 12Mb and looks awful when you play it. It is useful if you’re in a hurry to upload but you sacrifice quality for speed.

Overview: The second half of this lesson looks at what you need to know to use social media to tell people about your videos.

Watch: Kate Rushworth talks about using social media to publicise videos and reach audiences:

This MondayNote article shows the power of Instagram:

Resource: Facebook has excellent courses for journalists. Enroll here: and find out more here:

Read Chapter 11 (Mojo, Social Networks and Social Media, pages 236-251) of Burum, I. and Quinn, S. (2015). MOJO: The Mobile Journalism Handbook Focal Press (Taylor and Francis Group), Boston.

Homework: Come to class with details of at least three places where the teacher could find good wifi in your city, apart from Kristiania University.

Lesson 10: Drones, underwater cameras, cool apps and the future
Learnings/questions from previous class?

Overview: New apps and tools are always being invented to help journalists. Drones, both aerial and underwater, offer great possibilities. So do the amazing array of apps being created almost daily.

Keynote: Apps

Keynote: Drones

Read this blog post by Glen Mulcahy of RTE (Ireland’s equivalent of NRK) on underwater drones:

Cinemagraphs are cool ways to combine video and photographs. Here are two videos that teach you how to make them: and

Homework: No homework. Focus on finishing your third piece of assessment.

Reminder about assessment: Students need to submit their third video by 9am of Torsdag, September 21, 2017.


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